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Pesticides Causing Genetic Mutations

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Today's children are a picture of the heritage of tomorrow and the future of India. Therefore, in order to keep the India of tomorrow good, it becomes necessary that the children of India are right and that they can become good citizens of the country in future and be able to take the country to sky high. But the chemicals used in agriculture are seen to be hindering it.

Pesticides used in agriculture constitute a heterogeneous class of chemicals that are specifically used to control pests, weeds or plant diseases. Pesticides are considered to be potential genetic mutants. Today our adults have been so much addicted to the use of these chemicals or have been made so much that without them today their present has become burdensome and the future seems dark. So we need knowledge to live our present how to avoid the use of these genetic mutants as these have been entered in the food chain. To save the contaminated food chain, our farmers will have to come forward, if not today, they will have to come tomorrow. Therefore, the farmer must adopt a scientific approach and should consider how and what to cultivate.

Chemical Farming : There is no doubt that traditional farming (chemical farming) has played an important role in fulfilling the food supply by increasing the agricultural productivity of the times required. But experimental data suggest that various agrochemical components have mutational properties such as inducing mutations, chromosomal alterations, or DNA damage (Bolognesi 2003, Betarbet et al. 2000, Bull et al. 2006, Damalas and Eleftherohorinos 2011, Garry et al. 2002). A Punjab University study found that 36% of Punjab's blood samples from farmers have caused significant DNA loss (Misra 2008). Thus, chemical products have been proven to be genotoxic (Kumar and Balasubramanian 2012) and looking at the Golden India, they should be banned now. These are qualities that keep us going from generation to generation. In this way, should chemical farming be continued? If yes, it means that whatever we are producing today, it will be an attempt to keep alive our future generations at stake. Therefore, in order to safeguard the future generations, the alternates of chemical farming must be seen.

Genotoxicity biomarkers commercially determined in populations exposed to various types of pesticides:


Genetic damage



DNA strand breaks

Acephate, Atrazine, B-cyfluthrin, Befenthrin, Carbendazim dimethoate, Carbendazim, Chlorothalanil, Chlorpyrifos, Cypermethrin, Cyproconazole, Deltamethrin, Diflufenicanil, Dimethoate, Endosulfan, Epoxyconazole, Ethephon, Fenvalerate, Fluroxypyr, Flutriafol, Iprodione, L-cyhalothrin, Mancozeb, Monocrotophos, Omethoate, Oxydemeton-methyl, Phorate, Pyrimethanil, Tebucanazole, Thiometon.

Lebailly et al. 1998, Grover et al. 2003

DNA adducts

Benomyl, Captan, Carbendazim, Dazomet, Endosulfan, Folpet, Glyphosate, Metam-sodium, Methamidophos, Methomyl, Monocrotophos, Paraquat, Parathion methyl, Zineb.

Peluso et al. 1996

Chromosomal aberration

2,4-D chlorpyriphos, 2,4-D, chloridazon, 2,4-D, dicofol, Abamectin, Acephate, Acetic metaldehyde, Alachlor, Aldicarb, Aldrin, Amitraz, Aramite, Atrazine, Barium polysulfide, Benomyl, Bitertanol, Buprofezin, Buripimate, Captan, Carbendazim, Carboxin, Chlordimeform, Chlorothalonil, Chlorpyrifos, Copper oxychloride, Copper sulfate, Cyhexatin, Cypermethrin, Dazomet, Defenamide, Deltamethrin, Deltamethrin, Diazinon,

Dichlorvos, Dimethoate, Dinocap, Diquat, Dithiocarbamate, DNOC, Dodemorph, Endosulfan, Ethofumesate, Ethylazinophos, Fenbutatin oxide, Fenitrothion, Fenpropathrin, Fenthion, Fenvalerate, Fetin acetate, Folpet, Fosetyl, Heptachlor, Iprodione, Isofenphos, Kasugamycin, Linuron, Malathion, Mancozeb, Maneb, MCPA, Methabenzthiazuron, Methalaxyl, Methamidophos, Methiocarb, Methomyl, Metribuzin, Mevinphos, Monocrotofos, Monocrotophos, Naled, Oxadiazon, Oxadixyl, Oxamyl, Paraquat, Parathion methyl, Parathion, Permethrin, Phenmedifam, Phorate, Pirimicarb, Procymidone, Propargite, Propargyl, Propineb, Prothoate, Pyrazophos, Simazine, Sulfur, Terbufos, Tetradifon, Thiabendazole, Thiram, Trichlorofon, Triforine, Triforine, Vinclozolin, White oil, Zineb.

Dulout et al. 1985, Ferrari et al. 1991, Carbonell et al. 1993, Lander et al. 2000, De Garry et al. 2001

Micronucleus formation

2,4-d aldrin, Ametrina, Antracol, Benomyl, BHC, Captan, Carbaryl, Cypermethin, Dacomil, Dazomet, DDT, Deltamethrin, Diazinon, Dichloropropane, Dichlorvos, Dieldrin, Di-syxtox, Diuron, Dodemorph, Endosulfan, Endrin, Ethamidophos, Fosetyl-aluminum, Furadan, Gusathion, Javelin, Lindane, Malathion, Mancozeb, Metalaxyl, Metham sodium, Methomyl, Nuvacron, Oxidemeton methyl, Parathion methyl, Pirimicarb, Propineb, Talstar, Tordon, Zineb.

Bolognesi et al. 1993(b), Gomez-Arroyo et al. 2000

Sister chromatid exchange

2,4-d mancozeb, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, Alachlor, Atrazine, Azynphos methyl, BHC, Cyanazine, Cypermethrin, DDT, Dimethoate, Endosulfan, Fenitrothion, Gromor, Malathion, Methyl parathion, Monocrotophos, Parathion, Phosphamidon, Quinalphos fenvelrate, Urea.

Rupa et al. 1988, Jablonicka et al. 1989, Rupa et al. 1991, Pasquini et al. 1996, Laurent et al. 1996, Zeljezic and Garaj-Vrhovac 2002


Organic Farming : Although genetic mutation of biological pesticides has not proven, but research papers definitely prove that organic pesticides or insecticides are most used in India compared to other countries. (Yadav et al. 2015) But organic food is also not completely free of pesticide residues (Brandt and Molgaard 2001, Edwards-Jones and Howells 2001).

Natural Farming : Chemicals or pesticides are not used in natural farming in any way, then the food chain can be said to be completely poison-free. Therefore, it can be said that there is a distance between these food grains in genetic mutation; they are completely healthy for the population of India.

I am from the nation; I am not far from the nation.

I am national, let me be national.

So that I can take care of future India.

- Farmer


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